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A Peer-reviewed scientific articles/A1 Journal article (refereed), original research
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Highways and Spatial Location within Cities: Evidence from India, World Bank Economic Review Supplement_1, March (2017). Ghani, Ejaz; Goswami, Arti Grover; Kerr, William

Category A Peer-reviewed scientific articles
Sub-category A1 Journal article (refereed), original research
auki Internal authors
All authors as text Ghani, Ejaz; Goswami, Arti Grover; Kerr, William 
Number of authors
Status Published
Year of publication 2017 
Date 01.03.2017 
Name of article Highways and Spatial Location within Cities: Evidence from India 
Name of journal World Bank Economic Review
Volume of issue 30 
Number of issue Supplement_1, March 
Pages S97–S108 
Abstract We investigate the impact of the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) highway project on the spatial organization and efficiency of manufacturing activity. The GQ project upgraded the quality and width of 3,633 miles of roads in India. We use a difference-in-difference estimation strategy to compare non-nodal districts based upon their distance from the highway system. For the organized portion of the manufacturing sector, we find that GQ led to improvements in both urban and rural areas of nonnodal districts located 0–10 km from GQ. These higher entry rates and increases in plant productivity are not present in districts 10–50 km away. The entry effects are stronger in rural areas of districts, but the differences between urban and rural areas are modest relative to the overall effect. For the unorganized sector, we do not find material effects from the GQ upgrades in either setting. These findings suggest that in the time frames that we can consider—the first five to seven years during and after upgrades—the economic effects of major highway projects contribute modestly to the migration of the organized sector out of Indian cities but are unrelated to the increased urbanization of the unorganized sector.
Free text descriptor in Finnish Intia; kaupungit; teollisuus; tehokkuus; infrastruktuuri; investoinnit; tieverkosto; kuljetukset 
JEL-codes L10, L25, L26, L60, L80, L90, L91, L92, M13, O10, R00, R10, R11, R14 
ISSN / e-ISSN 0258-6770 
auki Internet addresses
Additional information Published: 09 April 2016